Understanding kitchen wiring is essential due to the significant amount of electricity used in an average kitchen. Keeping up to date with the National Electrical Code is important for safety reasons. Always contact a local electrician in Owings Mills if you have any questions or concerns about electrical requirements for a kitchen upgrade. Here is a brief overview of the various wiring requirements for a modern kitchen.
The Basic Requirements of Kitchen Wiring
The standard kitchen contains various appliances and lighting fixtures that require specific electrical consideration. For example, modern refrigerators require a dedicated 20-amp, 120/125-volt circuit. In addition, you will need a dedicated 240/250-volt, 50-amp circuit for an electric range. However, you may need only 40-amps or 30-amps for a smaller unit. The National Electrical Code also allows a cooktop and a wall oven to use the same circuit if they are separate units, provided the electrical load doesn’t overload the capacity of the circuit.
A dishwasher circuit needs a dedicated 120/125-volt, 15-amp circuit while using a 14/2 NM wire with a ground. It is always important to allow plenty of slack on the NM cable to easily service your dishwasher without disconnecting it. Depending on your jurisdiction, GFCI and AFCI requirements will vary.
And of course, don’t forgot all of the specialty kitchen lighting like undercabinet and accent lighting. You will need at least one 15-amp, 120/125-volt dedicated circuit to power the lights. Each set of lights need their own switch. It is also a good idea to install a 20-amp circuit for general lighting use.
Finally, GFCI protection is required in a kitchen, especially if an outlet is located less than 6 feet of a sink. Contacting a local electrician is always a good idea to ensure you remain in compliance with current codes.
Contact Tim Kyle Electric, Heating & Cooling
Unfortunately, many kitchens are woefully out of date. If you’ve just moved into a “new” home that’s from the 60s or just haven’t updated your lights since those years, then you’re probably due for an update. You may need a total wiring upgrade if it’s been so long that you can’t remember the last time a professional took a look at the wires. Since you’re spending so much time – and using a lot of electronics and appliances – in this room, it’s important to make sure you’re doing so safely. Contact Tim Kyle Electric, Heating & Cooling for an inspection.